Evaluation of Stalosan F economical efficacy in broiler breeders, concerning morbidity, hatching eggs production, hatchability and litter quality.
Farm faces bad litter quality during the winter time, due to cold weather, excess moisture in the litter, leading to higher mortality and bad production results.
1. Poultry broiler breeder farm located in Bulgaria, two stages – from day-old chicks to reared pullets and broiler breeders for hatching eggs production.
- Capacity of the farm - 33 000 productive broiler ROSS 308.
- 6 buildings situated in one place.
- Area of each building - 1000 m².
- Management – floor system
- Density - 5.5 birds per m².
- 10% roosters in the flock.
- Nesting boxes - 4.5 birds per nesting box.
- Bedding material – straw.
- Roxell feeding and watering equipment.
- Fankom climate control system.
- Feed produced locally.
2.Stalosan F – dry broad-spectrum disinfectant applied during the entire production cycle in presence of animals.
- Application method – 5 kg capacity tube spreader with a battery powered hand drill.
3. Trial period – 9 ½ months, started on 14.09.2014 and finished on 27.06.2015
- Stalosan F applied regularly to one flock, situated in 3 buildings.
- Trial results compared to the average production results of the farm for the last two years.
- Total Stalosan F consumption – 1200 kg/building = 3600 kg for the whole flock.
Schedule of Stalosan F application:
|Date||Month||Quantity of stalosan F powder 50g/sq.m|
|House No 4||House No 5||House No 6||Total|
|Total Stalosan F/kg||1200||1200||1200||3600|
Trial was carried out in3 buildings x 1000 m² each. Stalosan F applied over the litter in presence of birds with a spreader 3 times per month during the winter period and 2 times monthly for the spring/summer season at dosage 50 gram/m².
Sick or debilitated animals are eliminated.
Standard vaccination and prophylactic program was applied, according to the farm practice.
All supplies of feed, water, heating, ventilation and litter quality were equal for all animals.
Notes for the flock age, hybrid and number of birds per building, sex (%), starting and finishing time.
Usually farm experienced difficulties in managing good litter condition, especially during the first weeks after the birds transfer from the rearing farm and during the winter months because of high humidity and low temperatures. Workers spend extra time for litter maintenance (treatment with motor cultivator) and placing extra fresh bedding. For Stalosan F treated flock reduction of 50.07% in consumption of bedding material reported, along with improved animal hygiene and environmental conditions in the building.
Number of straw bales used.
|AVG FLOCKS Before Stalosan F||STALOSAN F FLOCK||DIFFERENCE||PRICE||COST|
|1891||944||-947||50.07%||0.36 EURO||-340.74 EURO|
Further no racking of the bedding was necessary, saving extra time on litter maintenance and reducing the stress for the birds. Fresh litter was added only to the nests for egg laying. Results prove the powerful drying effect of Stalosan F.
As an average all previous flocks had 34 productive weeks. Stalosan F treated flock showed good productivity for 38 weeks.
Improved productivity of Stalosan F flock is due to periodic sanitation of the habitat. Reduced pathogen challenge extends production period and improves performance. The only reason for early culling of the Stalosan F treated flock was the planned installation of automatic nests.
|AVERAGE FLOCKS before Stalosan F||STALOSAN FLOCK|
|poor breeders performance||INSTALATION OF AUTOMATIC NEST|
|poor egg production||good egg production|
|low hatchability||good hatchability|
|high mortality||low mortality|
Stalosan F improved mortality with 48% for the hens and 10% for the rosters.
Female and male mortality during production cycle
|AVERAGE FLOCKS BEFORE STALOSAN F||1215|
|difference||No. of dead birds less||584|
|AVERAGE FLOCKS BEFORE STALOSAN F||385|
|difference||No. of dead birds less||40|
Less infections during the Stalosan F application were also reported like cloacitis, salpingitis, oophoritis and peritonitis in hens. In most cases those are retrograde infections from the environment.
Stalosan F treated flock showed stable egg production exceeding the standard. Egg laying rate was 2.01% higher, compare to the average results from the previous flocks, resulting in 12.5 more eggs per hen housed.
Average egg production and total numberof eggs per hen housed.
|FLOCKS||% AVG EGG PRODUCTION||TOTAL EGGS/HH|
|AVG FLOCKS BEFORE STALOSAN||68.61||170.40|
Eggs for hatching difference was 9, 1 in favour of Stalosan F flock.
Improved environment hygiene and health status of the Stalosan F flock resulted in 11.07% higher hatchability of the eggs.
|Hatchability||AVG flocks||Stalosan flock||Difference compared to the flocks before Stalosan|
|% Average hatchability||71,96||83,04||11,07|
Number of chicks per hen housed
|CH&HH||AVG flocks before||Stalosan flock||difference compared to the flocks|
|number of chicks||125.9||138.0||12.1|
Stalosan F treated flock showed very stable levels of hatchability from the beginning of the productive period.
As an average for the previous flocks birds were treated 7 times with antibiotic due to increased mortality.
Stalosan flock were treated twice– once before the peak of the egg production and after 50th week as part of the standard prophylactic program.
The Stalosan F flock showed 79.31 % reduction in antibiotic treatments due to the productive cycle.
|AVG flocks before Stalosan F||Stalosan F flock||Difference|
|Medication costs||€ 24.123,33||€ 10.892,22||- €13.145,79||-54,69%|
|Flocks||AVG replaced males per flock||%AVG replaced males|
|AVG flocks before Stalosan||581||36.14|
Spiking program is an replacement of the males with young ones(or in same ages) in older flock in order to compensate decline in fertility.In Stalosan F treated flock is observed reduction of digital dermatitis, which are one of major cause of lameness and the associated reduced sexual activity of roosters. All avoidable risks of Spiking program, together with the improved condition of the habitat and the drastic reduction of pathogenic strain are the main reasons for the extended life and wellbeing of roosters.
|Cost savings on litter||947 bales less||€ 0.36||€ 340.74|
|Improved mortality||584 hens dead less||€ 9,91||€ 5.787,44|
|Improved mortality||40 roosters dead less||€ 10,94||€ 437,60|
|Eggs / extra birds||584 x 161.5 HE/HH||€ 0,20||€ 18.863,20|
Eggs / extended productionperiod and improved breeders performance
|16000 hens x 9,1 HE/HH more||€ 0,20||€ 29.120,00|
|584 hens x 9,1 HE/HH more||€ 0,20||€ 1.062,88|
|Spiking program benefits||581 male||€ 14,76||€ 8.576,56|
|Savings on medication||Reduction of medication cost and duration of treatment||€ 13.145,79|
|Stalosan F price||-€ 5.544,00|
It is similar ROI in case of eggs hatching and day old chicks are offered to the market.
IMPROVED PRODUCTION RESULTS.
REDUCTION OF MORTALITY AND MEDICATION COST.
IMPROVED ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS.
CONSUMPTION OF BEDDING MATERIAL REDUCED WITH 50% AND EASIER LITTER MANAGEMENT.
COST EFFECTIVE – BRINGS ADDITIONAL PROFIT FOR THE USERS.