Stalosan F efficacy trail in broiler breeders

20-10-2016

By Plamen Bochukov

І. Purpose:

Evaluation of Stalosan F economical efficacy in broiler breeders, concerning morbidity, hatching eggs production, hatchability and litter quality.

Background:

Farm faces bad litter quality during the winter time, due to cold weather, excess moisture in the litter, leading to higher mortality and bad production results.

 

II. Materials and method:

1. Poultry broiler breeder farm located in Bulgaria, two stages – from day-old chicks to reared pullets and broiler breeders for hatching eggs production.

- Capacity of the farm - 33 000 productive broiler ROSS 308.

- 6 buildings situated in one place.

- Area of each building - 1000 m².

- Management – floor system

- Density - 5.5 birds per m².

- 10% roosters in the flock.

- Nesting boxes - 4.5 birds per nesting box.

- Bedding material – straw.

- Roxell feeding and watering equipment.

- Fankom climate control system.

- Feed produced locally.

 

2.Stalosan F – dry broad-spectrum disinfectant applied during the entire production cycle in presence of animals.

- Application method – 5 kg capacity tube spreader with a battery powered hand drill.

 

3. Trial period – 9 ½ months, started on 14.09.2014 and finished on 27.06.2015

- Stalosan F applied regularly to one flock, situated in 3 buildings.

- Trial results compared to the average production results of the farm for the last two years.

- Total Stalosan F consumption – 1200 kg/building = 3600 kg for the whole flock.

 

IІІ. Trialdesign:

Schedule of Stalosan F application:

Date Month Quantity of stalosan F powder 50g/sq.m
House No 4 House No 5 House No 6 Total
14.09.2014 Sep-14 50 50 50 450
21.09.2014 50 50 50
28.09.2014 50 50 50
10.10.2014 Oct-14 50 50 50 300
25.10.2014 50 50 50
10.11.2014 Nov-14 50 50 50 300
25.11.2014 50 50 50
10.12.2014 Dec-14 50 50 50 300
27.12.2014 50 50 50
05.01.2015 Jan-15 50 50 50 450
15.01.2015 50 50 50
25.01.2015 50 50 50
05.02.2015 Feb-15 50 50 50 450
15.02.2015 50 50 50
25.02.2015 50 50 50
05.03.2015 Mar-15 50 50 50 450
15.03.2015 50 50 50
25.03.2015 50 50 50
09.04.2015 Apr-15 50 50 50 300
21.04.2015 50 50 50
10.05.2015 May-15 50 50 50 300
23.05.2015 50 50 50
11.06.2015 Jun-15 50 50 50 300
27.06.2015 50 50 50
Total Stalosan F/kg 1200 1200 1200 3600

Trial was carried out in3 buildings x 1000 m² each. Stalosan F applied over the litter in presence of birds with a spreader 3 times per month during the winter period and 2 times monthly for the spring/summer season at dosage 50 gram/m².

 

ІV. Procedure and registration of the results:

Sick or debilitated animals are eliminated.

Standard vaccination and prophylactic program was applied, according to the farm practice.

All supplies of feed, water, heating, ventilation and litter quality were equal for all animals.

 

Records:

Notes for the flock age, hybrid and number of birds per building, sex (%), starting and finishing time.

  1. Starting date.
  2. Weekly mortality (with the cause of the death) and total at the end of the cycle.
  3. Weekly laying rate.
  4. Hatchability of the eggs.
  5. Laying period and number of eggs.
  6. Weekly new litter added.
  7. Record of the medications – especially antibiotic treatments - reason, duration.
  8. Evaluation of the litter quality – once per week(dry, wet, ammonia smell)

 

V. Trial results.

1. LITTER MANAGEMENT

Usually farm experienced difficulties in managing good litter condition, especially during the first weeks after the birds transfer from the rearing farm and during the winter months because of high humidity and low temperatures. Workers spend extra time for litter maintenance (treatment with motor cultivator) and placing extra fresh bedding. For Stalosan F treated flock reduction of 50.07% in consumption of bedding material reported, along with improved animal hygiene and environmental conditions in the building.

Number of straw bales used.

AVG FLOCKS Before Stalosan F STALOSAN F FLOCK DIFFERENCE PRICE COST
1891 944 -947 50.07% 0.36 EURO -340.74 EURO

Further no racking of the bedding was necessary, saving extra time on litter maintenance and reducing the stress for the birds. Fresh litter was added only to the nests for egg laying.  Results prove the powerful drying effect of Stalosan F.

 

2. LIVEABILITY AND MORTALITY

As an average all previous flocks had 34 productive weeks. Stalosan F treated flock showed good productivity for 38 weeks.

Improved productivity of Stalosan F  flock is due to periodic sanitation of the habitat. Reduced pathogen challenge extends production period and improves performance. The only reason for early culling of the Stalosan F treated flock was the planned installation of automatic nests.

AVERAGE FLOCKS before Stalosan F STALOSAN FLOCK
34 38
poor breeders performance INSTALATION OF AUTOMATIC NEST
poor egg production good egg production
low hatchability good hatchability
high mortality low mortality

Laying period.

Stalosan F improved mortality with 48% for the hens and 10% for the rosters.

Female and male mortality during production cycle

MORTALITY female
AVERAGE FLOCKS BEFORE STALOSAN F 1215
STALOSAN FLOCK 631
difference No. of dead birds less 584
% -48.07%
MORTALITY male
AVERAGE FLOCKS BEFORE STALOSAN F 385
STALOSAN FLOCK 345
difference No. of dead birds less 40
%

-10.39%

Less infections during the Stalosan F application were also reported like cloacitis, salpingitis, oophoritis and peritonitis in hens. In most cases those are retrograde infections from the environment.

 

3.Egg production

Stalosan F treated flock showed stable egg production exceeding the standard. Egg laying rate was 2.01% higher, compare to the average results from the previous flocks, resulting in 12.5 more eggs per hen housed.

Average egg production and total numberof eggs per hen housed.

  

FLOCKS % AVG EGG PRODUCTION TOTAL EGGS/HH
AVG FLOCKS BEFORE STALOSAN 68.61 170.40
STALOSAN FLOCK 70.62 182.90
DIFFERENCE 2.01 12.50

Weekly Egg Produktion

 

Eggs for hatching difference was 9, 1 in favour of Stalosan F flock.

 

4.  HATCHABILITY

Improved environment hygiene and health status of the Stalosan F flock resulted in 11.07% higher hatchability of the eggs.

Hatchability                                                           

Hatchability AVG flocks Stalosan flock Difference compared to the flocks before Stalosan
% Average hatchability 71,96 83,04 11,07

     

 

 

 

Number of chicks per hen housed

CH&HH AVG flocks before Stalosan flock difference compared to the flocks
number of chicks 125.9 138.0 12.1

 

Weekly hatchability

Weekly Hatchability

Stalosan F treated flock showed very stable levels of hatchability from the beginning of the productive period.

 

5.  MEDICATION COST

As an average for the previous flocks birds were treated 7 times with antibiotic due to increased mortality.

Stalosan flock were treated twice– once before the peak of the egg production and after 50th week as part of the standard prophylactic program.

The Stalosan F flock showed 79.31 % reduction in antibiotic treatments due to the productive cycle.

  AVG flocks before Stalosan F Stalosan F flock Difference
Medication costs € 24.123,33 € 10.892,22 - €13.145,79 -54,69%

 

6. SPIKING PROGRAM

Flocks AVG replaced males per flock %AVG replaced males
AVG flocks before Stalosan 581 36.14
Stalosan Flock 0 0

Spiking program is an replacement of the males with young ones(or in same ages) in older flock in order to compensate decline in fertility.In Stalosan F treated flock is observed reduction of digital dermatitis, which are one of major cause of lameness and the associated reduced sexual activity of roosters. All avoidable risks of Spiking program, together with the improved condition of the habitat and the drastic reduction of pathogenic strain are the main reasons for the extended life and wellbeing of roosters.

 

7. STALOSAN F COST EFFICACY FOR BROILER BREEDERS

Item Provision Price Total
Cost savings on litter 947 bales less € 0.36 € 340.74
Improved mortality 584 hens dead less € 9,91 € 5.787,44
Improved mortality 40 roosters dead less € 10,94 € 437,60
Eggs / extra birds 584 x 161.5 HE/HH € 0,20 € 18.863,20

Eggs / extended productionperiod and improved breeders performance

16000 hens x 9,1 HE/HH more € 0,20 € 29.120,00
584 hens x 9,1 HE/HH more € 0,20 € 1.062,88
Spiking program benefits 581 male € 14,76 € 8.576,56
Savings on medication Reduction of medication cost and duration of treatment   € 13.145,79
Stalosan F price     -€ 5.544,00
Total     € 71.790,21

 

ROI 1:13

It is similar ROI in case of eggs hatching and day old chicks are offered to the market.

 

BENEFITS OF STALOSAN F APPLICATION SUMMARY:

  1. IMPROVED PRODUCTION RESULTS.

  2. REDUCTION OF MORTALITY AND MEDICATION COST.

  3. IMPROVED ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS.

  4. CONSUMPTION OF BEDDING MATERIAL REDUCED WITH 50% AND EASIER LITTER MANAGEMENT.

  5. COST EFFECTIVE – BRINGS ADDITIONAL PROFIT FOR THE USERS.

 

 

 

 

 

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